Careers in Environmental Science
Environmental Science is a multidisciplinary approach to studying how humans, animals, and the environment interact with one another. Most studies in environmental science combine physical, biological, and information sciences, and use both applied and theoretical scientific approaches to study and solve environmental problems such as sustainable resource management, ecology, pollution and recycling, renewable energy, and climate change.
Many excellent career opportunities exist across Canada for men and women studying the environmental sciences. Most jobs require at minimum a one-to-three year college or technical school program, with some opportunities requiring a university Bachelor’s degree or higher. These are only a few of the broad range of careers included in the field of environmental science, and there is lots of room to specialize in what interests you the most, through your choice of education, and your choice of work experiences.
Careers at the college level can include:
Geological/Mineral/Petroleum Technologists and Technicians work primarily for mineral and petroleum mining companies and refineries, and companies involved in metal ore extraction and production. They can also consult for engineering firms, governments, and educational institutions. They complete tasks such as performing geological surveys and analyzing the data or samples, supervise mining and drilling operations, and help develop new technologies that serve the industry.
Water Treatment, Recycling, and Waste Plant Operators work primarily at municipal, industrial, or institutional water, recycling, and waste treatment plants, to operate the computer control systems that regulate the treatment and disposal of water, garbage, recyclables, and other waste.
Forest and Fishery Conservation Officers protect Canada’s fish, wildlife, and natural resources by enforcing federal and provincial regulations. This job can include plant and animal growth or population surveys, public awareness education, overseeing licensing for hunting and fishing, and investigating violations.
Forestry Technologists and Technicians are involved in the research, management, harvest, and conservation of Canada’s forests and woodlands, and can work independently or be employed by the logging industry and government agencies.
Careers at the University level can include:
Natural Science Policy Researchers and Consultants engage in research, write reports, and give advice regarding corporate or government policy involving scientific progress in fields such as renewable and non-renewable energy, sustainability and environmental impact, scientific patents, resource management, and recycling programs.
Inspectors in Environmental Health and Safety monitor and enforce government health and safety regulations for facilities such as industrial establishments, municipal outdoor parks and recreation areas, or water and waste treatment systems, ensuring that sanitation, pollution control, and the handling or storage of hazardous materials is performed safely for people and the environment.
Meteorologists and Climatologists study Earth’s weather, climate, and atmosphere to offer advice on, and forecast, weather occurrences, air quality, climate change, and other atmospheric phenomenon. They are usually employed by Environment Canada or other government agencies, the military or utility companies.
If you decide to pursue further education, there are also many opportunities in Canada and internationally, in fields such as environmental law and ethics, environmental economic analysis and development, or working with Environment Canada to develop provincial and national environmental policies and procedures.
Government of Canada Job Bank – Explore Careers by Occupation